Noah

Genesis 6:9 – 11:32 ; Haftarah: Isaiah 54:1-55:5    

Synopsis

With this parasha we go from the complexities of creation which we studied last week to the complexities of a new creation – which is the re-doing of creation through the flood. We study the world as it was before the flood – from biblical and extra-biblical sources. In order to understand the events leading to Noah we put a special emphasis on Enoch and his son Methuselah.  Our study then takes us to the actual flood and the amazing symbolism of the ark which we study together with St. Augustine. We close the lesson with a study of Genesis 9 – a cardinal chapter for understand Abraham who will be with us for the next few weeks. In fact, this chapter is essential not only for understanding Abraham, but in order to understand our mission in the world today as spiritual children of Abraham as well. Finally, we realize that even though our parasha is firmly at the beginning of Genesis – we are dealing primarily with the latter days. In this study, we also continue to trace the history of the s/Seed – the spinal cord of the book of Genesis – and indeed running throughout Holy Scripture – the s/Seed of the Woman whose story is traced in the genealogies of Genesis and thenceforth in key parts of the history of Salvation.

 

What do we know about the world prior to the flood?

What amazing revelations concerning Christ appear already in the book of Enoch (and Jubilees)?

What is the influence of the book of Enoch on the New Testament?

Who are the “sons of God”?

What is the meaning behind the image of the Ark?

What happened on the Ark?

What is the meaning behind the “curse” of Canaan?

 

We will try to answer these and additional questions in this episode.

Scripture references from the episode

“And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, 
the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, To execute judgment upon all, 
and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds 
which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly 
sinners have spoken against him.” (Jude 1:14-15)
“Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power 
of God. For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, 
but are as the angels of God in heaven.” (Matthew 22:29-30)
“But concerning that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the 
Son, but the Father only. For as were the days of Noah, so will be the coming of the 
Son of Man. For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, 
marrying and giving in marriage, until the day when Noah entered the ark, 
and they were unaware until the flood came and swept them all away, so will be the 
coming of the Son of Man. Then two men will be in the field; one will be taken and 
one left. Two women will be grinding at the mill; one will be taken and one left. 
Therefore, stay awake, for you do not know on what day your Lord is coming. 
But know this, that if the master of the house had known in what part of the night the 
thief was coming, he would have stayed awake and would not have let his house be broken 
into. Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do 
not expect.” (Mt 24:36–44)

External Sources

Jubilees 4:23-26


And he was taken from amongst the children of men, and we conducted him into the Garden of Eden in majesty and honour, and behold there he writes down the con-detonation and judgment of the world, and all the wickedness of the children of men. 24 And on account of it (God) brought the waters of the flood upon all the land of Eden; for there he was set as a sign and that he should testify against all the children of men, that he should recount all the deeds of the generations until the day of condemnation. 25 And he burnt the incense of the sanctuary, (even) sweet spices acceptable before the Lord on the Mount. 26 For the Lord has four places on the earth, the Garden of Eden, and the Mount of the East, and this mountain on which thou art this day, Mount Sinai, and Mount Zion (which) will be sanctified in the new creation for a sanctification of the earth; through it will the earth be sanctified from all (its) guilt and its uncleanness throughout the generations of the world.

 

Jubilees 6:1-2

And on the new moon of the third month he went forth from the ark, and built an altar on that mountain. 2 And he made atonement for the earth, and took a kid and made atonement by its blood for all the guilt of the earth; for everything that had been on it had been destroyed, save those that were in the ark with Noah.

Enoch 46:1–6

1And there I saw One, who had a head of days,

And His head was white like wool,

And with Him was another being whose countenance had the appearance of a man,

And his face was full of graciousness, like one of the holy angels.

2 And I asked the angel who went with me and showed me all the hidden things, concerning that Son of Man, who he was, and whence he was, (and) why he went with the Head of Days? 3 And he answered and said unto me:

This is the Son of Man who hath righteousness,

With whom dwelleth righteousness,

And who revealeth all the treasures of that which is hidden,

Because the Lord of Spirits hath chosen him,

And whose lot hath the pre-eminence before the Lord of Spirits in uprightness for ever.

4 And this Son of Man whom thou hast seen

Shall †raise up† the kings and the mighty from their seats,

[And the strong from their thrones]

And shall loosen the reins of the strong,

And break the teeth of the sinners;

5 [And he shall put down the kings from their thrones and kingdoms]

Because they do not extol and praise Him,

Nor humbly acknowledge whence the kingdom was bestowed upon them.

6 And he shall put down the countenance of the strong,

And shall fill them with shame.

And darkness shall be their dwelling,

And worms shall be their bed,

And they shall have no hope of rising from their beds,

Because they do not extol the name of the Lord of Spirits.

 

Enoch 62:5–16

5 And one portion of them shall look on the other,

And they shall be terrified,

And they shall be downcast of countenance,

And pain shall seize them,

When they see that Son of Man

Sitting on the throne of his glory.

6 And the kings and the mighty and all who possess the earth shall bless and glorify and extol him who rules over all, who was hidden.

7 For from the beginning the Son of Man was hidden,

And the Most High preserved him in the presence of His might,

And revealed him to the elect.

8 And the congregation of the elect and holy shall be sown,

And all the elect shall stand before him on that day.

9 And all the kings and the mighty and the exalted and those who rule the earth

Shall fall down before him on their faces,

And worship and set their hope upon that Son of Man,

And petition him and supplicate for mercy at his hands.

10 Nevertheless that Lord of Spirits will so press them

That they shall hastily go forth from His presence,

And their faces shall be filled with shame,

And the darkness shall grow deeper on their faces.

11 And He will deliver them to the angels for punishment,

To execute vengeance on them because they have oppressed His children and His elect.

12 And they shall be a spectacle for the righteous and for His elect:

They shall rejoice over them,

Because the wrath of the Lord of Spirits resteth upon them,

And His sword is drunk with their blood.

13 And the righteous and elect shall be saved on that day,

And they shall never thenceforward see the face of the sinners and unrighteous.

14 And the Lord of Spirits will abide over them,

And with that Son of Man shall they eat

And lie down and rise up for ever and ever.

15 And the righteous and elect shall have risen from the earth,

And ceased to be of downcast countenance.

16 And they shall have been clothed with garments of glory,

And they shall be the garments of life from the Lord of Spirits:

And your garments shall not grow old,

Nor your glory pass away before the Lord of Spirits.

 

Enoch 1:9

Behold, he comes with ten thousands of his saints, to execute judgment upon them, and destroy the wicked, and reprove all the carnal for everything which the sinful and ungodly have done, and committed against him.

Jude 1:14-15

And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.

 

Enoch 15 :6-7

But you were formerly spiritual, living the eternal life, and immortal for all generations of the world. 7 And therefore I have not appointed wives for you; for as for the spiritual ones of the heaven, in heaven is their dwelling.

Matthew 22:29-30

Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God. For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven.

 

Augustine. The City of God


Moreover, inasmuch as God commanded Noah, a just man, and, as the truthful Scripture says, a man perfect in his generation,—not indeed with the perfection of the citizens of the city of God in that immortal condition in which they equal the angels, but in so far as they can be perfect in their sojourn in this world,—inasmuch as God commanded him, I say, to make an ark, in which he might be rescued from the destruction of the flood, along with his family, i.e., his wife, sons, and daughters-in-law, and along with the animals who, in obedience to God’s command, came to him into the ark: this is certainly a figure of the city of God sojourning in this world; that is to say, of the church, which is rescued by the wood on which hung the Mediator of God and men, the man Christ Jesus. For even its very dimensions, in length, breadth, and height, represent the human body in which He came, as it had been foretold. For the length of the human body, from the crown of the head to the sole of the foot, is six times its breadth from side to side, and ten times its depth or thickness, measuring from back to front: that is to say, if you measure a man as he lies on his back or on his face, he is six times as long from head to foot as he is broad from side to side, and ten times as long as he is high from the ground. And therefore the ark was made 300 cubits in length, 50 in breadth, and 30 in height. And its having a door made in the side of it certainly signified the wound which was made when the side of the Crucified was pierced with the spear; for by this those who come to Him enter; for thence flowed the sacraments by which those who believe are initiated. And the fact that it was ordered to be made of squared timbers, signifies the immoveable steadiness of the life of the saints; for however you turn a cube, it still stands. And the other peculiarities of the ark’s construction are signs of features of the church.

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